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Geography of India:

Location:Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan
Coordinates:20 00 N, 77 00 E
Area:total: 3,287,590 sq km
land: 2,973,190 sq km
water: 314,400 sq km
Area comparative:slightly more than one-third the size of the US
Land boundaries:total: 14,103 km
border countries: Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km
Coastline:7,000 km
Maritime claims:contiguous zone: 24 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Climate:varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
Terrain:upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north
Elevation extremes:lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m
Natural resources:coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land
Natural hazards:droughts; flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; earthquakes
Environment current issues:deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; huge and growing population is overstraining natural resources
Geography – note:dominates South Asian subcontinent; near important Indian Ocean trade routes

Population of India

Population:1,147,995,904 (July 2008 est.)
Age structure:0-14 years: 30.8% (male 173,478,760/female 163,852,827)
15-64 years: 64.3% (male 363,876,219/female 340,181,764)
65 years and over: 4.9% (male 27,258,020/female 26,704,405)
Median age:24.9 years
Growth rate:1.38%
Infant mortality:54.63 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:total population: 64.71 years
male: 63.9 years
female: 65.57 years
Fertility rate:2.73 children born/woman
Nationality:noun: Indian(s)
adjective: Indian
Ethnic groups:Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3%
Religions:Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1%
Languages:English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language
Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total : 59.5%
male: 70.2%
female: 48.3% 

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