### Binary Heap - Wikipedia

A binary heap is a heap data structure that takes the form of a binary tree.Binary heaps are a common way of implementing priority queues.: 162–163 The binary heap was introduced by J. W. J. Williams in 1964, as a data structure for heapsort. A binary heap is defined as a binary tree with two additional constraints: Shape property: a binary heap is a complete binary tree; that …

### Heap (data Structure) - Wikipedia

In computer science, a heap is a specialized tree-based data structure which is essentially an almost complete tree that satisfies the heap property: in a max heap, for any given node C, if P is a parent node of C, then the key (the value) of P is greater than or equal to the key of C.In a min heap, the key of P is less than or equal to the key of C. The node at the "top" of the heap (with …

### Data Science MSc - University Of Nottingham

priority queues (binary, leftist and Fibonacci heaps) string algorithms (string matching, longest common subsequence). Among the special topics relevant to contemporary application, we can study: public-key cryptography (the RSA cryptosystem) the page-rank algorithm (from Google search) neural networks.

### The Left-Right Political Spectrum Explained - Fact / Myth

Mar 18, 2016 · The concept here is: If one favors liberty, equality, and/or policies that affect the collective equally (like classical liberalism, social liberalism, or communism at the far-left), they are generally said to be taking a “left-wing” stance (they needn’t embrace all these things, just one or more). TIP: Other key left-right positions include a long list of positions common to liberalism ...